Matera and it's setting
ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
Matera Rupestrian Churches Regional Natural Historic Archaeological Park. This is just across Matera’s Gravina river. It’s one of the most spectacular rupestrian landscapes in Italy and the best manifestation of man’s ancient relationship with nature. There are villages that date back to the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. It contains 150 churches, all different in architecture and iconography, built on the stone using so-called negative architecture, in other words, instead of using stone to build, it was emptied out. The most outstanding of these churches are those of San Leonardo, San Giacomo, Capuccino Vecchio and Santa Cesarea. It’s interesting that they were created as places of worship, and over the years they’ve been used for other purposes, according to the needs of the inhabitants.